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Tower of Pisa Italy

Tower Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa or abbreviated Torre di Pisa) is a campanile or bell tower of the cathedral in Pisa, Italy.
Tower of Pisa is actually made to stand vertically like a bell tower in general, but began leaning shortly after construction started in August 1173. He was located behind the cathedral and is the third building Campo dei Miracoli (Field of the rainbow) city of Pisa.
The height of this tower is 55.86 m from the lowest ground level and 56.70 m above the highest ground. Breadth below the wall reaches 4.09 m and 2.48 m. at the top Its weight is estimated at 14,500 tons. Tower of Pisa has 294 steps. With the existence of this tower, sector of economic income to be increased because of the attraction.
Tower of Pisa is also accepted as one of UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History






Construction of the Tower of Pisa is done in three stages within a period of 200 years. Construction of first floor of a rocky white marble campanile began on August 9, 1173, which is an era of prosperity and military glory. The first floor is surrounded by pillars with classical letters, which leads to skewed against arch blinds.
There is controversy about the identity of the architect of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Over the past few years designers predicated to Ahmad rezio Pahlevio and ronaldo Jeremiaso, a prominent local artists of the 12th century in Pisa, which is popular by bronze molds, particularly in the Pisa Duomo. Bonanno Pisano left Pisa in 1185 headed to Monreale, Sicily, only to return home and died in his hometown. Sarcophagus was discovered at the base of the tower in 1820.

Biography


In Italy many ancient buildings of stunning one of them is this menar Pisa. The tower is so famous karene bangunanya sloping up to 5 meters. Here is a brief history of how the tower of Pisa was built.

Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa or abbreviated Torre di Pisa) is a campanile or bell tower of the cathedral in Pisa, Italy.
Tower of Pisa is actually made to stand vertically like a bell tower in general, but began leaning shortly after construction started in August 1173. He was located behind the cathedral and is the third building Campo dei Miracoli (Field of the rainbow) city of Pisa.

The height of this tower is 55.86 m from the lowest ground level and 56.70 m above the highest ground. Breadth below the wall reaches 4.09 m and 2.48 m. at the top Its weight is estimated at 14,500 tons. Tower of Pisa has 294 steps. With the existence of this tower, sector of economic income to be increased because of the attraction.



Construction of the Tower of Pisa is done in three stages within a period of 200 years. Construction of first floor of a rocky white marble campanile began on August 9, 1173, which is an era of prosperity and military glory. The first floor is surrounded by pillars with classical letters, which leads to skewed against arch blinds.

construction of this tower is to put a big clock on the tower. However, some time after construction began, it was 55 meters high tower that deviated from a straight line over 5 meters. Hence the tower is referred to as the leaning tower of Pisa. Until now, the efforts of engineers and experts various countries, the slope of the tower has been repaired to some extent.



After the third floor was built in 1178, the tower began to tilt because the foundation stands on land that is not stable. Finally, the design of this tower differs significantly from the original plan. This development was also delayed for 100 years because the people of Pisa at that time fighting with people from other regions. But, because that's delayed, the tower can actually survive. If not delayed, maybe even the tower would fall.

In 1198 a few hours put in buildings that have not finished it. Approximately 74 years later, the architect Giovanni di Simone resumed construction of the tower.



Not long after, the building was again stopped because there is war. Finally, in 1372 so it is also the last floor which is the bell chamber and the bell was installed there. Development is done by a different architect, namely Tommasso in Andrea Pisano. He successfully combines these elements in the room Gothic style bell with Rome. In this tower there are about seven bells. The largest bell installed around 1655.

From this tower, appears unique stories and also makes excited. For example, astronomer Galileo Galilei had dropped two balls of different weight of the tower. This is to show that the speed is reduced from the second ball was not because of the weight. But, this story also reportedly fairy tale.




However, that does occur is the command of the ruler of Italy at that time Benito Mussolini ordered the tower be returned to a vertical or upright position. To perform it, given the additional concrete tower foundation. Apparently, the result is not as predicted. Tower added even sink into the soft soil.

When World War II, the U.S. military almost destroyed the Tower of Pisa is also for fear of snipers there. Fortunately, the withdrawal of troops to save the tower.




There is controversy about the identity of the architect of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Over the past few years designers predicated to Guglielmo and Bonanno Pisano, a prominent local artists of the 12th century in Pisa, which is popular by bronze molds, particularly in the Pisa Duomo. Bonanno Pisano left Pisa in 1185 headed to Monreale, Sicily, only to return home and died in his hometown. Sarcophagus was discovered at the base of the tower in 1820.

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