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Colosseum Roma Italia Tourism




Colosseum Roma Italia

Colosseum is a historical relic in the form of a large theater / amphitheater which is one of the Wonders of the World go mid-7. Located in the State Capital of Italy, Rome, whose original name was Flavian Amphitheatreâ , Founded by King Vespasian and completed by his son Titus. Colosseum, Rome Italy (7 Wonders of the New World) About the year of manufacture to date there are still differences in beliefs. Some argue that the Colosseum was built in 79 BC, there is also an opinion that was made between the years 70-82 AD. But, most archaeologists believe that the Colosseum was built in 70-82 AD Origin of the name Colosseum comes from a 130 foot tall statue or 40 m called Colossus.




 Colosseum is set to accommodate 50,000 spectators. Reconstruction Colosseum Building Construction started from the command of Vespasian in 72 AD King, and completed by his son Titus in 80 AD The Colosseum was established adjacent to Neroâ enermous € ™ s palace, Domus Aurea which had been built on after the great fire of Rome in AD 64 Some historians believe that the construction of the Colosseum was financed by way of robbing the great temple in Jerusalem by the agents of King Herod in 64 AD A historian Dio Cassius says that there are around 9000 wild animals have been killed in 100 days as a celebration of the inauguration and opening of the Colosseum. The floor of the arena of the Colosseum was covered with sand to prevent blood-the blood does not flow anywhere. Show In the Colosseum at the time was the venue for a spectacular show, which is a fight between animals (venetaiones), a fight between prisoners and animals, execution of prisoners (noxii), water fights (naumachiae) by flooding the arena, and the fight between gladiators ( munera). For hundreds of years it is estimated that thousands of people and animals died in the Colosseum show.


Colosseum, Rome Italy (7 Wonders of the New World) Naming The name of the Colosseum as in the above is taken from the name of a statue as high as 130 feet or 40 m, Colossus. Colossus statue remade as a replacement for Nero as the parable of the Sol, the sun god, by adding sun crown. In the middle of the year, the statue of Colossus has disappeared. An expert said that since the statue was made of copper, the statue was melted for reuse. Apart from the name of Colossus, the Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is not known who gave the name. In Italy, the Colosseum was named il Colosseo but other Roman languages ​​using the name of the le colisà © e and el Coliseo to mention the Colosseum. Description Colosseum is large enough. With a height of 48 m, length 188 m, 156 m wide and the entire building area of ​​about 2.5 ha makes the Colosseum look so big and spacious. Arena made of wood measuring 86 mx 54 m, and covered by sand. Elliptical or spherical shape of the Colosseum point to prevent the players to run away towards the corner and prevents the audience to be closer to the show. Colosseum is a very great work. The place was said to be a great and spectacular stage due to the shape and structure of the Colosseum. Until now, the Colosseum is still regarded as a great and spectacular staging. Seating at the Colosseum is divided into different levels. Podium, the first place to sit is devoted to the Roman senators. Dedicated space for the king, resting place, the treasury is also on this level. Below the podium is maeniaum primum, which is devoted to the Roman nobility.



 The third level is the primum maenianum subdivided into three parts. The bottom (immum) used for the rich, at the top again (the summum), used for the common people. And finally, in the wood (maenianum secundum in legneis) is where the wooden structure at the top of the building. The place was a place to stand is used for the lowly women. After 2 years Colosseum used as a venue, the youngest son of Vespasian ordered to construct an underground area (Hypogeum), two levels of underground lines in the form of interconnected tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals were placed before the fight begins. There is also provided in the form of traps a trap door that is used to prevent entry of wild animals that are not planned into the arena and to keep the weapons storage area inside the Colosseum. Colosseum, Rome Italy (7 Wonders of the New World) The Colosseum was used until the year 217, although it has been damaged due to being struck by lightning fires. Colosseum has been corrected in the year 238 and gladiatorial games continued until the Christians gradually stop the game because too many casualties. The building used to store various types of animals until the year 524.




 Two earthquakes in the years 442 and 508 caused severe damage to the building. In the Middle Ages, the Colosseum suffered severe damage caused by earthquakes again ie in the year 847 and 1349 and serve as a fortress and a church was also established there. Many of the marble stones are used to coat and rebuild parts of the Colosseum, which has been damaged by fire. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Roman families using the Colosseum as a place of extraction of marble stone for building construction St. Peterâ € ™ s Basilica and the special residence of palazzi, Roman family. In 1749, there is a form of maintenance of the Colosseum. Pope Benedict XIVmelarang to use the Colosseum as it is extracted. In 2000 there was an outcry in Italy in order to oppose the use of the death penalty for countries around the world (in Italy, the death penalty was abolished in 1948).



Some demonstrators wore the place in front of the Colosseum. Since then, as a gesture against the legal capital, the local residents to change the color of the Colosseum at night from white to gold by using a candle lighting and neon lights up when the whole world where death is abolished punitive action. References: 7 Wonders of the New World: a place / object in the world which is a miracle the choice of the 100 million people around the world via internet sites and short messages (SMS) mobile phone, which was held by the Swiss Foundation named The New7Wonders Foundation in collaboration with several agencies / foundation of the world. The election of the seven wonders of the world were announced in Lisbon, Portugal, on July 7, 2007.

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