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11/06/2011

Bangkok Thailand Tourism






Bangkok

Bangkok (Thailand Language: กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร, or Krung Thep, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) (กรุงเทพมหานคร (aid Directory ·)) is the capital and largest city in Thailand. The city is located on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, near the Gulf of Thailand.
Bangkok is one of the fastest growing city, with a dynamic economy and progressive society in Southeast Asia. The city is being developed into a regional hub that can compete with Singapore and Hong Kong, but still have problems of infrastructure and social sectors as a result of rapid development. Bangkok has long been a gateway for foreign investors who want to find new markets in Asia. The city is also noted as one of the city in the world with the addition rate of the fastest construction of skyscrapers. Rich in cultural sites make Bangkok as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.
Bangkok province borders six other provinces: Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Chachoengsao, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom.

history







Bangkok City (บางกอก (aid Directory ·)) in advance is a small trading center and port on the western edge of the Chao Phraya River serving the Kingdom Ayuthhaya, the pioneer of modern Thailand that debuted the year 1350 to 1767. There is a belief that the name originated from Bangkok Makok Bang, Bang designation in the Central part of Thailand to the city or village located on the banks of the river, and Makok (มะกอก) is the name in Thai to Spondias pinnata, Spondias mombin or Elaeocarpus hygrophilus (plants that produce fruits such as olive fruit), or Bang Koh, Koh means "island", referring to an area that is etched by rivers and canals.


After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Kingdom in 1767, the new king, King Taksin established a new capital, Thonburi, on the territory which now is part of the city of Bangkok. When Taksin reign ended in 1782, King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke rebuild the capital city on the east side of the river and gave it the name of the official ceremony (ceremonial name) Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop hat Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit and later shortened to the present official name, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon. However, the new city also received the name Bangkok, which continued to be used by foreigners to refer to all areas of the city and became the official name in English, while in Thai name of Bangkok is still only show to the old town on the west bank of the river . The city has since been extensively modernized and undergone numerous changes, including the introduction of transportation and infrastructure in the reign of King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn, and quickly became the economic center of Thailand.

The Full Name






The full name is the official City of Bangkok (giving names) given by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, and then rectified by King Mongkut, is Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop hat Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit (กรุงเทพมหานคร อมร รัตนโกสินทร์ ม หิน ท รา ยุ ธ ยา มหา ดิลก ภพ นพรัตน์ราชธานี บุรี รมย์ อุดม ราช นิเวศน์ มหา สถาน อมร พิมาน อวตาร สถิต สักกะ ทัต ติ ยะ วิษณุกรรม ประสิทธิ์, listen (help Directory ·)). This name consists of a combination of two ancient Indian languages, Pali and Sanskrit. After peromanisasian this language, the name was supposed to be written as Krung-dēvamahānagara amararatanakosindra mahindrayudhyā mahātilakabhava navaratanarājadhānī purīrāmasya utamarājanivēsana mahāsthāna amaravimāna avatārasthitya shakrasdattiya vishnukarmaprasiddhi, which means "city of angels, the great city, immortal diamond, the city of God Indra who is not deterred, the great capitals of the world endowed with nine precious gems, the city of happiness, full of enormous Royal Palace that resembles the heaven where the government is the reincarnation of the gods, a city given by Indra and built by Vishnu ".



Local schools to teach children the full name of this city, although few can explain its meaning because many of the words of the ancient and now no longer used in spoken language, is also not known by most people. Most Thai people who recall the full name of this city as a result of the use of the name of a pop song popular in Krung Thep Mahanakhon (1989) by Asanee Chotikul of the region and is often mentioned as he sang this song at the same time, just as speakers of English who may sing the alphabet song when repeating English letters.
The full name of Bangkok has been listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's longest place name

geography




Bangkok special administrative area covers an area of ​​1586.7 km ², making it the 68th largest province in Thailand. Most areas are considered part of the city of Bangkok, making Bangkok as one of the largest cities in the world. [Citation needed] Chao Phraya River, which stretches along 372 km, is Bangkok's main geographical feature. Chao Phraya River Valley, areas around Bangkok and nearby provinces stood on a low-lying land and river deltas toward the Cape of Bangkok about 30 miles south of downtown. This condition is what causes the onset of the title "Venice of the East" because many of the city of Bangkok's canals and waterways that divide the area of ​​Bangkok into a small parcel of land separated. Formerly, the canals were used as a boundary between a single district with another district. However, along with the rapid growth of cities in the mid 20th century, the division of regions based on these canals abandoned and new systems of different boundary applied.


Bangkok lies about two meters above sea level, which raises the issue of protection against flooding during the rainy season (monsoon). Often times after heavy rains, water streams and canals overflowed into the river and cause flooding. Bangkok Metropolitan Government (BMA) has recently been put up barriers along some canals to prevent overflow of water from these canals. Besides the extensive network of canals in Bangkok, is rumored (rumored) that the height of the land of Bangkok down about two inches per year due to the location of the city which is entirely located in the swamplands [3]. In fact, some reports say that the height of the land of Bangkok down as much as four inches per year, and when combined with sea level rise will cause the city of Bangkok is sinking deep as 50 to 100 cm in 2025. [Citation needed]
Bangkok has a tropical monsoon climate based on the Köppen climate classification system. It is said that Bangkok had an average highest temperature in the world [citation needed]. The average temperature in Bangkok is about 2 ° C higher than those mentioned in Don Muang Airport during the period 1960-1990. The hottest temperature was 40.8 ° C and the coldest temperature is 9.9 ° C. The coldest temperature recorded was in January 1924, January 1955, January 1974 and December 1999. In December 1999, the temperature at midday only reached 22.3 ° C. Rain storms (hailstorms) are rare in Bangkok, were recorded only once in the last 50 years.

Districts




Bangkok has 50 districts or khet, which indicates the subdivision of government authority under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), but the districts may not show the real Bangkok's environmental division. In recent years, Bangkok grew from a city that is spread unevenly along the river to a metro area (Bangkok Metropolitan Area) which extends up to six neighboring provinces. The main business district and residential areas continues to widen. The entry of foreigners from Western countries as well as immigrants from neighboring countries like Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and some South Asian countries along with the growing population of Thai citizens to make more rapid growth of hundreds of housing projects around the metro area - building community in the area outskirts of town. In recent years, these communities became part of the 'Bangkok highway' and the other part of this urban forest.
The most important business districts in Bangkok, including Silom, Bangrak, Pinklao, Sathon, Phra Ram 2, Petchaburi, Phra Nakhon, and Pathumwan.


With the expansion of the city tend toward the periphery, the inner city do not have room to grow that large, vertically as a result of development is becoming increasingly prevalent. Bangkok recorded has 1,000 skyscrapers and the tallest building to 17 in the world [6]. This amount does not include hundreds of new buildings are expected to contribute to the construction boom years of 2007 or the next few years.
Areas such as Silom-Sathon and Asok has been the main business district of Bangkok since several decades. During the 90s, Thailand experienced the highest growth rates in the world and economic transformation, therefore Bangkok experienced drastic changes. Ratchadaphisek areas previously converted into a business district along a five kilometer to the north as well as through the Asok business district. Sukhumvit areas, extends along the 15-20 km, which slowly turned into a mix of commercial and residential areas (housing). Wireless Road and Chitlom are some of the most expensive building site is available in Bangkok. Part of the British Embassy on the corner (corner) Wireless and Rama I roads, an area of ​​approximately 14.400m ², sold for USD 92 million or THB 3.24 billion, but it's an expensive land ever in Thailand. [Citation needed]
Phra Nakhon and Dusit districts are the areas where most offices of government agencies and ministries are located. Many famous historical tourist attractions are also located at both these locations. This area is a region free of skyscrapers to preserve the old buildings are the same as the age of Thailand itself. [Citation needed] The buildings in question, well-known and leading tourist attractions is the Grand Palace, Democracy Monument, Giant Swing and Sanam Luang . Victory Monument is the largest bus destination in the city. Although not officially called the bus station, its location which is right in the city center making it the largest with 20''''bus lines and the BTS skytrain station.



Areas north and east of Bangkok's main residential area for middle class. While the city center often offers a small apartment and apartment-storey low-imgran for poor immigrants. Lad Prao and Sri Nakarin offer housing complexes and townhouses. The second area covers an area of ​​100 km ² -150 km ² each, and become part of the development of residential areas in the east and north of Bangkok. In Bangkok there are similar areas to the west named Thon Buri. Suvarnabhumi International Airport is often regarded as a stepping stone for the construction of the East while the region in Bangkok Don Muang Airport in northern Bangkok.
Ratchaprasong is the main shopping district of Bangkok. "Central World Plaza" newly renovated designated as open squares (square) for the citizens of Bangkok. Not far from the Central World Plaza is the Siam Square, just like Shinjuku in Tokyo and Oxford Street & Picadilly Circus in London. Meanwhile, other areas, Sukhumvit is generally visited by strangers. "Chatuchak Weekend Market" in the north of Bangkok is a place where people come to buy quality goods at low prices.
Poorest districts in Bangkok spread throughout the city. However, most terkosentrasi in the region north of the Port of Bangkok's Chao Phraya River near the bend. Covering an area of ​​10 km ², Khlong Toei district houses are the poorest in Thailand. Its characters are half-finished houses with several floors high. The location is generally populated by immigrants and working-pekrja from Isan province in northeast of Bangkok.


Transport


road

Several highways, crossroads recently updated, the roads have been completed and some projects railroad coloring the city of Bangkok and the surrounding landscape, but unfortunately has little effect on congestion due to the use of private vehicles that continue beyond the construction of infrastructure

bus

Generally, whole cities and provinces in Thailand can be reached easily from Bangkok by bus. For the purposes of the west and southwest, buses depart from Southern Bus Terminal in the west of the city in the Thonburi area. For the purpose in the southeast, such as Pattaya, Ko Samet and Ko Chang, buses depart from Eastern Bus Terminal at Ekkamai. For the purposes of the north and northeast, the Northern Bus Terminal located at Mo Chit. Long-distance bus services are now becoming more secure in line with changes in bus driver and rarely from those who still consume methamphetamine as "My Boo" in order not to drowsiness, which often lead to driving at high speed and overtaking other vehicles. [Citation needed] Although Bangkok is generally well connected to other cities, reaching into the terminals often provides its own challenges.

airport





Bangkok is one of the hubs (connecting) the most important air routes in Asia. In 2005, more than ninety airlines served Don Mueang International Airport (IATA: DMK; ICAO: VTBD) and more than 38 million passengers, 160,000 flights and 700,000 tons of cargo handled at this airport every year. Don Mueang is the 18th busiest airport in the world, second busiest in Asia based on the number of passengers, the 15th busiest in the world and 4 in Asia based on the number of international passengers. Don Mueang is also consistently ranked as the busiest cargo traffic receiver to 19 in the world and seventh in Asia Pacific. Don Mueang is considered as one of the world's oldest international airports, its opening in March 1914 made ​​him nearly 20 years older than London Heathrow International Airport. The airport has three terminals and is located approximately 30 meters in the northern city of Bangkok.
On 28 September 2006, Suvarnabhumi Airport (IATA: BKK; ICAO: VTBS) became an international airport in Bangkok, replacing Don Meang. The airport is located in Southeast sebleah Bangkok in Bang Phli district, Samut Prakan Province.
Don Mueang remains in use as a Royal Air Force base of Thailand (Royal Thai Air Force). Thai Airways and most low cost airlines to use Don Mueang for domestic flights, to reduce padatanya Suvarnabhumi airport until the next terminal is opened.






Traditional vehicles Tuktuk

Traditional vehicle that resembles a three-wheeler is widely available in the city of Bangkok and is a frequently used alternative vehicles to avoid congestion.

boat


There are many rivers in this town used as one of the main traffic, especially to visit the main temple shrine located on the edge of the river along the Chao Praya like Wat Arun and Wat Prakeow.

Tourism





Bangkok is considered as one of the world's favorite resort location and is now the highest in Asia - the third in the world by Travel + Leisure magazine. Bangkok is the tourist entrance to Thailand. It is estimated that about 15 million foreign tourists came to Bangkok every year. The city is relying on some historic places most visited in Thailand such as the King's Palace, Wat Pho and Wat Arun. There are many projects to maintain Bangkok's historic sites in the Rattanakosin area of ​​the river area as well.




Maddame Tussauds Bangkok



One of the newest tourist attraction, which opened in downtown Bangkok is a famous wax museum Madame Tussauds. This is the first wax museum was established in Southeast Asia was opened in early December 2010. Transportation Guide Towards Madame Tussauds Bangkok


Maya Beach and Phi phi






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