Petra Jordan Tourism
Petra is a city founded by chiseling on stone walls in Jordan. Petra is a Greek word meaning 'stone'.
Petra is a symbol and protection techniques. This word refers to the town buildings made of stone-batudi Wandi Araba, a bercadasdi Jordan valley. The city was founded by multiplying and carving rocks as high as 40 meters.
Petra was the capital of the Nabatean kingdom. Founded in 9SM-40M by King Aretas IV as we that are difficult to penetrate the enemy and secure from natural disasters such as sandstorms.
Nabateans built petra with irrigation sisitem incredibly complex. There are water tunnels and water chambers that deliver clean water to the city, thus preventing banjirmedadak. They also have a hydraulic technology to lift water.
There is also a theater that can accommodate 4,000 people. Today, the Palace Eat Hellenitis 42 meters high, who has obtained impressive still standing there.
Petra that can be taken approximately 3-5 hours overland journey from Amman, Jordan, was once the capital of the Nabatean tribes, one of the groups of Arabs who lived before the advent of the Romans.
Actually, the origin of the Nabatean tribes not known for sure. They are known as the nomadic tribes who traveled to various parts of the herd of camels and sheep.
Residents early Petra is pagan. Their main god is Dushara, who worshiped in the form of black stone and irregular shaped. Dushara worshiped side by side with Allat, dewiArab ancient.
They are very adept at making underground water tanks to collect water that can be used when they travel far. Thus, wherever they are, they can make excavation for water lines to meet their needs for clean water.
At the end of the 4th century BC, the development of world trade makes Nabatean tribes ventured to begin participating in world trade. Routes of world trade began to flourish in the southern part of Jordan and south of the Dead Sea. They then use their residence position is strategic as one of the world's trade routes.
Nabatean tribe could eventually become successful merchants, with the trade of incense, spices, and ivory, among others, originate from Arab parts of southern and eastern India.
A strategic location to develop business and life, and secure to protect themselves from strangers that's the reason Nabatean tribes decided to settle in the territory of the rocks of Petra.
To maintain the prosperity that has been achieved, they are collecting customs duties and taxes to local traders or from outside the entrance to it. Nabatean tribes finally managed to create an international city a unique and unusual.
Petra was originally built for defensive purposes. But lately, the city is crowded with tens of thousands of citizens that developed into a town located in the path of trade because the distribution of goods between Europe and the Middle East.
In the year 106 AD, Petra Romawimencaplok, thus weakening the role of trade channels. Around the year 700 AD, hydraulic systems and some of its main building crumbled into rubble. Petra was slowly disappearing from the map of the earth at that time and the living legend.
It was only in 1812, the Swiss adventurer Johann Burckhardt entered the city disguised as a Muslim. Legend Petra was meruak back in modern times, is remembered as a symbol of engineering and defense.
Petra in Jordan, is the archaeological site. Petra surrounded by mountains. Here there is a mountain as high as 1350 meters above sea level. This is the highest region in this area called Mount Aaron (Jabal Harun) or Mount Hor or El-Barra.
Aaron's most frequented mountain people. The visitors believe, at the peak of Jabal Harun this, the Prophet Aaron died and was buried by the Prophet Moses.
In the 14th century AD, a mosque was built here by the white kubahberwarna visible from various areas around Petra. Aaron arrived in the Jordanian now when accompanying the Prophet Moses brought his people out of Egypt from the pursuit of King Pharaoh.
In the 1st century BC, the Kingdom of Nabataea the rich and powerful, reaching Damascus region in the north and the Dead Sea in the south. At that time, Petra has been inhabited about 30 thousand inhabitants. In the great temple was built.
Year of the 100-AD, the Romans once ruled this region. Architecture in Petra also influenced Roman architecture.
In 600 AD, Petra was built the church. The 7th century AD, Islamhadir, and in the 14th century, the tomb of the Prophet Aaron at Jabal Harun became a shrine of the Muslims, but Jews and Christians.
At the age of 10 years, Prophet Muhammad never been to the mountain with his uncle.
After the Crusades in the 12th century, Petra had become 'lost city' for over 500 years (lost city). Only local residents (Bedouins) in the Arab region who knew him.
Petra is a city of historic and archaeological Ma'an Governorate in Jordan is famous for its rock cut architecture and drainage systems. Founded around the 6th century BC as the capital of the Nabataeans, Petra is a symbol of Jordan and the most frequently visited in order to attract tourism, which is located on the slopes of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern wing of the Arabah (Wadi Araba), the valley of Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "40 places". "One of the most valuable cultural richness of human cultural heritage".