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Mount Bromo Tourism Charm



Mount Bromo (from Sanskrit / Old Javanese: Brahma, one of the main Hindu Gods), is a volcano is still active and best known as a tourist attraction in East Java. As a tourist attraction, Mount Bromo become attractive because of its status as the volcano is still active.








Mount Bromo
Bromo has a height of 2392 meters above sea level is located in four regions, namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang, and Malang Regency. Mount Bromo mesh body shape between the valleys and canyons with a caldera or a sea of ​​sand covering approximately 10 square kilometers.

Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area of ​​a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.



history of Mount Bromo






During the twentieth century, the mountain is famous as a tourist spot that erupted three times, with regular time intervals, namely 30 years. The biggest eruption occurred in 1974, while the last eruption occurred in 2010.
Bromo eruption history: 2011, 2010, 2004, 2001, 1995, 1984, 1983, 1980, 1972, 1956, 1955, 1950, 1948, 1940, 1939, 1935, 1930, 1929, 1928, 1922, 1921, 1915, 1916, 1910, 1909, 1907, 1908, 1907, 1906, 1907, 1896, 1893, 1890, 1888, 1886, 1887, 1886, 1885, 1886, 1885, 1877, 1867, 1868, 1866, 1865, 1865, 1860, 1859, 1858, 1858, 1857, 1856, 1844, 1843, 1843, 1835, 1830, 1830, 1829, 1825, 1822, 1823, 1820, 1815, 1804, 1775, and 1767.



Bromo-Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia which has a unique form of sea sand covering 5250 hectares, is located at an altitude of 2392 m above sea level. Bromo has a type of sub-montane ecosystems, montane and sub-Alphin with large trees and hundreds of years old.

If you travel to East Java, is very unfortunate if not visit the Nature Tourism Regions Bromo National Park "Semeru. Moreover, coupled with the condition of fresh air, cold and wild mountains is captivating.



Bromo-Semeru National Park is the only conservation area in Indonesia which has a unique form of sea sand covering 5250 hectares, is located at an altitude of 2392 m above sea level.

Bromo-Semeru mountain, a mountain that is still active and best known as a tourist attraction in East Java. Tourist area is promising a beauty that you can not find elsewhere. From the top of the volcano is still active, you can enjoy the expanse of ocean sand covering 10km square, and witness the splendor of Mount Semeru that rose through the clouds. You can also look beautiful sun moved out of the dusk.




In addition to witnessing the beauty of the panorama offered by the Bromo-Semeru, if you come at the right time, then you can watch Kesodo Ceremony, held by Tengger community. This ceremony usually begins at midnight to early morning every full moon around 14 or 15 in Kesodo [tenth] according to the Javanese calendar.

Kesodo ceremony is a ceremony to beg or ask for an abundant harvest starting reinforcements and a remedy for various diseases, in particular by offering to throw offerings into the crater of Mount Bromo. When the procession took place, the Tengger community other rollicking down the cliffs of the crater and the offerings are thrown into the crater, as a symbol of blessing from the Almighty.



Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park has a type of sub-montane ecosystems, montane and sub-Alphin with large trees and hundreds of years old.

Some plant species found in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, among others jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), mountain pine (Casuarina sp.), Eidelweis (Anaphalis javanica), various types of orchids and rare species of grass (Styphelia pungieus).

There are about 137 species of birds, 22 species of mammals and 4 species of reptile in the park

Endangered and protected animals contained in this national park among other cat (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), red jungle fowl (Gallus Gallus), leopard (Panthera pardus), ajag (Cuon alpinus), and various species of birds like the kestrel bird (Accipiter virgatus), hornbills (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), Bido snake eagle (Spilornis cheela Bido), black Srigunting (Dicrurus macrocercus), Scaly-breasted falcon (Haliastur indus), and grouse that live in Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, and Ranu Kumbolo.




Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area of ​​a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.
Tengger tribe residing in the vicinity of national parks is an indigenous Hindu. According to legend, the origin of these tribes from the kingdom of Majapahit on retreat. Uniquely, saw residents in the vicinity (Su-ku Tengger) seems no sense of fear despite knowing of Mount Bromo's dangerous yes, including many tourists who visit the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park at Kasodo Ceremony.

Some locations / attractions to visit:






Cemorolawang.


One entrance to the park which is visited to see from a distance the ocean expanse of sand and crater of Bromo, and camping.

Sand Sea and Mount Bromo Tengger.


Bromo riding and hiking through the steps and see the sunrise.

Pananjakan.


Seeing the scenery of Mount Bromo, Mount Batok and Mount Semeru.

Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo and the summit of Mount Semeru.
These lakes are very cold and always foggy (± 2200 m asl) is often used as a transit point for climbers of Mount Semeru (3676 m asl).





Ranu Darungan.


Camping, observing animals / plants and captivating scenery.

The best visiting season:


June s / d in October and December of s / d in January.

Getting There


You can reach this area by using a private car or rent a vehicle. There are four main gates to enter the national park area are: villages Cemorolawang if through the Probolinggo, Wonokitri village with pathways Pasuruan, Ngadas village of Malang lines and the village is the path Lumajang Burno.

The route can be taken is as follows:






Pasuruan-Public-Tosari Dowo-Bromo-Wonokitri use a car with a distance of 71 km, Malang-Overlapping-Shack-Jemplang Klakah-Mount Bromo use a car with a distance of 53 km. Or from Malang-Purwodadi-Nongkojajar-Tosari-Wonokitri-Penanjakan about 83 km




Where to Stay
Various hotels and inns can be found around the area of ​​Bromo-Semeru National Park, from flights of up to 4-star hotel can make the choice to stay in Bromo. Average every hotel at an affordable charge.


Dining Guide
Is a bit difficult to find places to eat in this area, especially at night. However, if you stay in the village Wonokitri, about 3 miles down precisely in the market Tosari can be found a few food stalls are open and selling food until 9pm.



Round
You can wander around the park area by renting a jeep type vehicle 4x4. Or, if you just want to get around in the sand sea of ​​Bromo surrounding area, you can hire a horse that is widely available there.

Fruit Hand
You can buy a souvenir or gift around the point area which is used to see the sunrise. In this area there are lots of souvenir stalls hawking their merchandise like shirts or t-shirts, hats skullcaps, scarves and more. In addition, sea sand around the area there are also several souvenir hawkers who sell shirts or t-shirt that reads Mount Bromo-Semeru.

Route Ascent to Mount Bromo:






The trip through the west door of the direction of the entrance of the village pasuruan Tosari to go to the center of tourism (sea sand) fairly heavy due to terrain that must be taken can not be traversed by the ordinary four-wheeled vehicle is due to the way a derivative of the climbing is very steep towards the sea of ​​sand, except we rent a jeep provided by the tour manager, so many tourists who walk to get to the center location.




But if we go through the north door of the direction before entering the area Tongas Probolinggo ie, we will go Cemoro Lawang village before descending towards the sea of ​​sand it is not too heavy because the derivative of the slope was not so steep that any motorcycle could travel it. Most of the tourists who want to easily reach the sea of ​​sand through this pathway. But if you want to watch the sunrise is often shown in photographs - photographs, many taken from the top of your climbing is more practical then passes through the west door.





But if you have an adventurous spirit then you can try the route less traveled by tourists. Namely through the city of Malang you enter through the small town of overlap and then entered the town last Pronojiwo going through a very beautiful nature reserve from here you will find a fork in the road towards the south which will enter ranu pane (towards the mountains semeru) and towards the north you enter the sand sea of ​​bromo who located on the ridge south bromo. This road will pass around Mount Bromo sea of ​​sand.

The line was actually not too steep and can be passed a motorcycle, but it requires an adventurous spirit because its tracks are still rarely passed. But you will be rewarded with another secret Bromo, which is very rarely seen tourists, namely ruput savanna and desert flowers very broad behind Mount Bromo. It's the opposite view on the north side of the arid and dusty.




Sea of ​​sand is the mainstay of Mount Bromo tour, in the cool mountain nature, we can see the desert and vast grass. While the most awaited from mount Bromo is sightview when the sun rises and sets because it will seem obvious and very beautiful. Although the trip to Bromo very dusty, but not felt, because of the beauty that served truly extraordinary.

Vacation to be practically bromo practical if you like the type of traveler and through the north door. You can make a visit within 12 hours. of course if you start from the city of Surabaya, Malang, Jember and surrounding areas. The trip can be started from 12 o'clock at night so you will arrive at around 2-3 am. Where you can relax before seeing the sunrise. Food and drink vendors in the area of ​​sea sand is usually already open before 3 am, so you can get ready - ready to make the climb over the top rung of the famous bromo.




Enjoy the scenery until 9 am and you can return to your departure city about 12 noon. For the record, if you travel diareal sea of ​​sand in the middle of the night, as a benchmark toward the parking area around the temple you can see the stakes of the concrete is deliberately given as a pointer towards the temple area. And if you get lost do not panic and go on (let alone amid heavy fog), just wait because it usually starts at 2-3 in the morning several horsemen crossed rented diarea sea of ​​sand.




Tips


The best visiting season is around June s / d in October and December of s / d in January.
Need to be prepared and supply retaining good health of the cold air such as: warm clothes, head coverings, gloves retaining cold air, and taste their food-beverage
Keep in mind that at the peak Penanjakan no pengginapan then from the nearest lodging should go in the morning around 3:00 to 04:00 o'clock in the morning.
Given the difficulty of finding food at night, it would be better if you bought a stock of food and drink as your lunch.

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